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Science

Intent

The 2014 national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • are equipped with the scientific skills required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future. We understand that it is important for lessons to have a skills-based focus, and that the knowledge can be taught through this

At Fixby J&I, we encourage children to be inquisitive throughout their time at the school and beyond.  The Science curriculum fosters a healthy curiosity in children about our universe and promotes respect for the living and non-living. We believe science encompasses the achievement of knowledge, concepts, skills and positive attitudes.

Throughout the programme of study, the children will acquire and develop the key knowledge that has been identified within each unit and across each year group.  The key knowledge identified by each year group is informed by the national curriculum and builds towards identified phase ‘end points’ in accordance with NC expectations, whilst also recapping the knowledge from previous year groups.  

Key skills are also mapped for each year group and are progressive throughout the school.  These too ensure systematic progression to identified skills end points which are in accordance with the Working Scientifically and the enquiry skills expectations of the national curriculum.  The curriculum is designed to ensure that children are able to acquire key scientific knowledge through practical experiences; using equipment, conducting experiments, building arguments and explaining concepts confidently. 

The school’s approach to science takes account of the school’s own context, ensuring access to people with specialist expertise and places of scientific interest as part of the school’s commitment to learning outside the classroom.  Cross curricular opportunities are also identified, mapped and planned to ensure contextual relevance.  Children are encouraged to ask questions and be curious about their surroundings and a love of science is nurtured through a whole school ethos and a varied science curriculum.

 

You can see our Science coverage here:

Implementation

Teachers create a positive attitude to science learning within their classrooms and reinforce an expectation that all pupils are capable of achieving high standards in science. Our whole school approach to the teaching and learning of science involves the following:

  • Science is taught in planned and arranged topic blocks by the science leader, to have a project-based approach where each lesson is focused on a question. This is a strategy to enable the achievement of a greater depth of knowledge.
  • Each new unit of work begins with a recap of the previous related knowledge from previous years. This helps children to retrieve what they have learnt in the earlier sequence of the programme of study, and ensures that new knowledge is taught in the context of previous learning to promote a shift in long term memory. 
  • Key vocabulary for the new topic is also introduced as part of this ‘unit introduction’ and children are shown the ‘Unit mat’. 
  • Knowledge organisers are sent home to allow children and parents to further explore concepts that will be taught within school. This provides definitions and accompanying visuals for each word to ensure accessibility to all.  This approach also means that children are able to understand the new vocabulary when it is used in teaching and learning activities and apply it themselves when they approach their work.
  • The KWL process is used throughout each unit of work. Once children know the new vocabulary for the unit and how it relates to previous learning, the children are asked what they already know specifically about the new topic. This provides the teacher with an insight into the children’s ‘starting points’ for the topic, to enable the use of assessment to inform planning. 
  • At the end of the topic, children take part in a review of what they now know.  This involves a review of the key knowledge. This also involves completing an ‘assessment’. The teacher is then able consolidate any of the key knowledge which is identified at this part of the process as not yet being secure.
  • Within all lessons, teachers plan a phase of progressive questioning which extends to and promotes the higher order thinking of all learners. Questions initially focus on the recall or retrieval of knowledge.  Questions then extend to promote application of the knowledge in a new situation and are designed to promote analytical thinking, such as examining something specific. 
  • Through our planning, we involve problem solving opportunities that allow children to apply their knowledge, and find out answers for themselves. Children are encouraged to ask their own questions and be given opportunities to use their scientific skills and research to discover the answers. This curiosity is celebrated within the classroom. Planning involves teachers creating engaging lessons, often involving high-quality resources to aid understanding of conceptual knowledge.
  • Teachers use precise questioning in class to test conceptual knowledge and skills, and assess pupils regularly to identify those children with gaps in learning, so that all pupils keep up. Tasks are selected and designed to provide appropriate challenge to all learners, in line with the school’s commitment to inclusion.
  • We build upon the knowledge and skill development of the previous years. As the children’s knowledge and understanding increases, they become more proficient in selecting, using scientific equipment, collating and interpreting results, they become increasingly confident in their growing ability to come to conclusions based on real evidence.
  • Working Scientifically skills are embedded into lessons to ensure that skills are systematically developed throughout the children’s school career and new vocabulary and challenging concepts are introduced through direct teaching. This is developed through the years, in keeping with the topics.
  • Teachers demonstrate how to use scientific equipment, and the various Working Scientifically skills in order to embed scientific understanding. Teachers find opportunities to develop children’s understanding of their surroundings by accessing outdoor learning and workshops with experts.
  • Regular events, such as Science Week, allow all pupils to come off-timetable, to provide broader provision and the acquisition and application of knowledge and skills. These events will often try to involve families and the wider community.
  • At the end of each topic, key knowledge is reviewed by the children and rigorously checked by the teacher and consolidated as necessary.

 

Our progression through the curriculum is detailed here:

Here is an overview of what pupils will cover in their time at Fixby Junior and Infant School:

Impact

The successful approach at Fixby J&I results in a fun, engaging, high-quality science education that provides children with the foundations and knowledge for understanding the world. Our engagement with the local environment ensures that children learn through varied and first-hand experiences of the world around them.  Frequent, continuous and progressive learning outside the classroom is embedded throughout the science curriculum with the use of Forest School or Outdoor learning (wherever possible). 

Through various workshops and interactions with experts and local charities, children will have the understanding that science has changed our lives and that it is vital to the world’s future prosperity. This links with the LfL curriculum. Children learn the possibilities for careers in science, as a result of our community links and connection with national agencies including the STEM association. 

They learn from and work with professionals, ensuring access to positive role models within the field of science from the immediate and wider local community. From this exposure to a range of different scientists from various backgrounds, all children feel they are scientists and capable of achieving. Children at Fixby J&I overwhelmingly enjoy science and this results in motivated learners with sound scientific understanding. 

How to help your child at home with science:

EYFS

  • Go for a walk and make up a nature box with leaves, twigs, fir cones or anything else you find
  • Experiment with water – put objects in the bath and get your child to guess which will float, and which will sink
  • Blow bubbles – then see which way the wind blows them
  • Visit a museum and look for the oldest things your child can find
  • Take a magnifying glass into the garden and go on a bug hunt. Draw pictures of the insects you see with your child
  • Think about your route to school and make a map, including any important buildings.  Ask your child about which building is oldest and why you think this.

 

Key Stage One

  • Show your child plants or pictures of plants, such as apple trees, tomato plants, sweet corn, and cabbages and ask them why it is important for humans to grow plants.
  • Plant seeds at home. Talk about the things plants need to grow, such as soil, water, light and air. Help them to observe the changes as the plants begin to grow.
  • Do you have a pet? Help your child to point out the similarities between animals and humans. Do we both have arms, legs, eyes, ears and a nose? Do we both need food, water and sleep?
  • Talk to your child about sources of light. Walk around your environment and point them out: timer switches, clock radio, computer, lamp, light bulb, street lamps, the sun and moon. Which are bright or dim?
  • Link science to real life. Talk about how things were in the past and how scientific advances have brought changes. Share books that show non-electrical or old household appliances.
  • Give your child a collection of items made from different materials – paper, cardboards, plastics, metals – and ask them to find different ways of grouping them (rough, smooth, shiny, dull or plastic, metal, wood, fabric).
  • Point out materials that are found naturally and those that are not (twigs, unpolished/unfinished wood, sand, rocks, water, bone, clay, wool, glass, plastic, paper, cardboard). Ask your child to try sorting the materials into those they thinks are found naturally.
  • Talk to your child about how natural materials are changed to make everyday objects. Use resources to help your child learn about the processes involved.

 

Key Stage Two

  • Look up information about the different food types required for a balanced diet. Why are they needed? Plan a balanced meal together.
  • Look at books together on the life cycle stages and talk about them.
  • Plant mustard seeds in soil and place them in different environments - dark, light, wet and dry. After a determined period, look at them and note the differences. Draw the differences or take photographs and get books to find out some information about what causes these variations.
  • Show your child how to change a plug.
  • Try simple experiments with your child. Make observations such as, “When I put a seed in a wet environment it grows” or “If I place a round object on a flat surface it rolls”, or ask questions such as, “What happens if I put sugar in a full cup of water at room temperature?” “What will happen if I continue to add sugar?

 

This booklet has lots of fun ideas of science experiments and investigations you can do at home:

Some useful places to visit in the local area:

  • Yorkshire Natural History Museum, Sheffield
  • The National Science and Media Museum, Bradford
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